Rosalind Fuller in 1919 served at The 38.
American Red Cross Base Hospital #38 in the World War, 1923. Published under the auspices of the Jefferson Medical College and Hospital. I found this copy at the City Institute branch of the Philadelphia Free Library.
The hospital was stationed at Nantes from 1918-1919.
p. 5 Base Hospital #10 was sponsored by the Pennsylvania Hospital; #20 by the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania. Also at Nantes was Base Hospital #34, sponsored by Episcopal Hospital.
p.6 All of these hospitals were staffed by volunteers.
p. 31 Nursing Corps
The Nursing Corps sailed from NYC 5/18/18. The “38” was located in the Grand Blottereau, a park surrounding what used to be a chateau. The town of Doulon was nearby; also the Loire and a tributary of it. The grounds of the chateau were still intact at that time: tall trees, small shrubs and hedges.
p. 32 The facilities consisted of “nurses’ barracks and mess-hall, ablution sheds and barracks, receiving wards…and laboratory.” All were temporary buildings; they had electricity and running water, but inadequate sewerage. Barracks were constructed of composition board (asbestos and cement) with felt-tar-paper roofs, the concrete floors laid directly on the ground. Unusually, all windows were glazed. “Baseballs frequently penetrated the walls…” The roof leaked a lot.
p. 33 Heat came from varied types of stoves. Tents provided for overflow from buildings. The “extraordinary rains of 1918″ proved to be an issue.
p. 36 By September, over 1000 patients had been admitted. By November 1918, 2412 patients.
p. 37 “Because of pressure at other Hospitals and the urgent demand for nurses, practically all of those belonging to the Unit had been transferred to active emergency duties at or nearer the front and to needy centers at Nantes and elsewhere in France.” The 38 was frequently depleted of nurses–often only seven nurses had to deal with 1000-2000 patients [!].
p. 89 “[nurse’s] overflowing heart, her flagon of mercy…woman and she alone, could rift the darkness, bring the lamp of mercy…”
p. 93 The Nursing Corps mustered into service 3/2/18. 3/4/18 went to Lakewood, NJ. Stayed two weeks, then to NY for four weeks. Left NY 5/18/18 to Liverpool, arriving 6/1/18. the next day, they crossed to Le Havre, then to Paris and on to Nantes. They arrived 6/6/18, where the group was broken up, as nurses were sent where they were needed.
p. 94 30 The hospital was originally intended to have 500 beds–it ended up having over 2400. Miss Melville and seven nurses were the main staff. Eventually, some nurses were shared from Base Hospital #11 (Chicago-based).
p. 95 Nurses generally had 40-100 patients each. They suffered from overwork, inadequate sleep, snatched baths and changes of clothes. p. 96 Two of the 38s nurses died from transmitted infection. Flu added to their workload.
p. 99 Some nurses returned home as “casuals,” some left 3/10/19 via ship, arriving NYC 3/19/19.